Bolton Corporation Tramways



Owner Bolton Corporation
Took over
June 1899 (Bolton and Suburban Tramways) - rolling stock and leases of the operator, Edmund Holden and Company
Operator Edmund Holden and Company (under contract)
First electric route 9th December 1899
Operator Bolton Corporation
Last horse service 2nd January 1900
Took over (operation) 13th April 1900 - Moses Gate to Black Horse line owned by Farnworth Urban District Council
Taken over (operation) 2nd June 1902 (Farnworth UDC) - Moses Gate to Black Horse line
Took over (operation) 16th December 1933 (3.18 miles of the Moses Gate - Black Horse - Walkden route, formerly worked by South Lancashire Tramways, and owned by the SLT, Farnworth UDC and Kearsley UDC)
Closed 29th March 1947
Length 32.36 miles
Gauge 4ft 8½ins

Button description (Pattern 1)
Title (‘Bolton Corporation Tramways’) within in border, surrounding arms (stylised shield with diagonal dividers surmounted by helmet, foliage and elephant), all above motto: ‘Supera Moras’ (Overcome delays)
Materials known
Nickel; chrome
Button Line reference [113/11A]

Button description (Pattern 2) Title (‘Bolton Corporation Tramways’) surrounding arms (stylised shield with diagonal dividers surmounted by an elephant), all above motto: ‘Supera Moras’ (Overcome delays)
Materials known
Nickel; chrome
Button Line reference [113/11B]

Button description (Pattern 3) Title (‘Bolton Corporation Transport’) surrounding arms (stylised shield with diagonal dividers surmounted by an elephant), all above motto: ‘Supera Moras’ (Overcome delays)
Materials known
Chrome
Button Line reference [113/11B]

Comments
Stylistically, the Pattern 1 looks to be the older of the two 'Tramway' designs, though I have no proof of this.

The name of the corporation transport undertaking was only changed to 'Bolton Corporation Transport' in June 1949, fully two years after the demise of the tramway. However, given that tram timetables certainly bore this legend as early as 1940, even though the trams themselves never did, there is a reasonable possibility that uniforms ordered in the last few years of the tramway's existence would have borne the Pattern 3 buttons.

Bolton Corporation, together with Astley Bridge, Farnworth and Kearsley Local Boards (later Urban District Councils) built and owned the track and infrastructure of the Bolton and Suburban Tramways. The track in Astley Bridge subsequently passed into Bolton's ownership when the latter absorbed the former in 1898, whereas the track in Farnworth and Kearsley continued to remain in the ownership of the UDCs, even when Bolton Corporation purchased the assets and leases of Edmund Holden and Company in 1899.