City of Lincoln Tramways / Lincoln Corporation Tramways

Summary
Following its purchase of the Lincoln Tramways Company in July 1904, Lincoln Corporation continued to operate horse trams for just over a year, until 22nd July 1905. The take-over appears to have had no visible effect on the staff, their attire, or the tramcars themselves; the former continued to wear the informal heavy duty working attire (jackets, overcoats, bowler hats and flat caps) that they had worn under company ownership (see link), and the latter continued to be largely festooned with advertisements, with no evidence presented in respect of who actually owned them.

For the inauguration of electrically-operated services, motormen and conductors were issued with double-breasted, 'lancer-style' tunics with two rows of five nickel buttons (narrowing from top to bottom — see link), upright collars and epaulettes (with button fastening); the upright collars bore 'L C T' in individual nickel letters on the bearer's left-hand side, and an employee number (probably) on the right-hand side. Caps were military in style with a glossy peak and tensioned crown (top); they bore a scalloped-topped municipal shield badge (taken from the arms of Lincoln), which was worn above a standard 'off-the-shelf', script-lettering grade badge — either Motorman or Conductor — all presumably in nickel to match the buttons.

Tramcar crews were also issued with heavy, double-breasted, 'lancer-style' greatcoats with two rows of five buttons and high fold-over collars, the latter were reinforced in leather in the early days, and bore an employee number on both sides (in individual nickel numerals). In later years, a switch was made to a greatcoat design with parallel buttons; these bore system initials on one collar, and an employee number on the other.

Inspectors probably wore single-breasted jackets edged in a finer material than the main jacket, with hidden buttons (or more likely a hook and eye affair) and upright collars; the trousers bore a stripe, again in a finer material than the main cloth. Each collar carried embroidered script lettering, almost certainly the bearer's grade - Inspector. Caps were military in style with a tensioned crown, and appear to have borne an embroidered cloth cap badge in the form of the Lincoln shield, supplemented with a ribbon underneath. Perhaps surprisingly for such a small system, the LCT appears to have employed the services of a Chief Inspector; his uniform was very similar to that worn by inspectors, differing only in respect of the grade on the collars, and the use of braiding on the cap.

As with many tramway systems, female staff were employed during the Great War to replace men lost to the armed services; in Lincoln's case, these ladies were employed both as conductresses and motorwomen. Female staff were issued with long, tailored, single-breasted jackets with a row of five buttons, high fold-over collars and epaulettes; the jackets were sometimes worn unbuttoned, giving the impression of lapels. The collars carried an employee number on the bearer's left-hand side, and individual nickel 'L C T' initials on the right; a long matching skirt was also worn. Headgear was initially the same style of military cap issued to the men, though this appears to have been relatively quickly superseded by a baggy peaked cap, specifically for use by the ladies. The caps bore script-lettering grade badges — either Motorman or Conductor — and sometimes, but not always, the standard municipal shield badge. Female tramcar staff were also issued with heavy, single-breasted greatcoats with a row of five buttons, high fold-over collars and epaulettes. The collars appear to have been devoid of insignia.

Unlike most tramway operators, Lincoln continued to employ women tramcar staff well beyond the end of the war, in fact, right up until closure of the system in 1929.

For a history of Lincoln's tramways, see: 'The Tramway Review' Nos 63 (p163-173), 64 (p195-205) and 65 (p1926) by D H Yarnell; Light Railway Transport League (1970 and 1971).

Images

Horse tram drivers and conductors
Lincoln Corporation Tramways Horse Tram No 8
A commemorative postcard of what appears to be Horsecar No 8 (bought in 1889), and almost certainly taken in 1905 as the man in the centre is thought to be Stanley Clegg, Lincoln's Electrical Engineer. All present are wearing workman-like attire, with no evidence of badges or licences. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Corporation Tramways Horse tram No 3 1905
Horsecar No 6 in the vicinity of St Mark's Station with a service to Bracebridge. This photo was used as a postcard, being overprinted with "Last Journey Lincoln Horse Trams - 22nd July 1905"; however, it is entirely possible that the photo was taken somewhat earlier, and that its use as a commemorative postcard was an opportunity the postcard publisher judged too good to miss, irrespective of whether or not they actually possessed a photo of the 'last tram'! Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Tramway Company Horse Tram No 3
A blow-up of the above photo showing the youthful-looking driver and a man who may be the conductor (this is unclear). Both men are wearing informal attire.


Lincoln Corporation Horse Tram No 7 in 1905
Horsecar No 7 in St Benedict's Square at the city terminus — photo dated 1905, though some of the bowler hats on show, with upturned brims, look fairly anachronistic for that date. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Tramway Company Horse Tram No 7
A blow-up of the above photo. Although it is unclear who is actually who, i.e., crew or guest, all are clearly in everyday working attire rather than uniforms. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Tramway Company Horse Tram
An unidentified horsecar outside the Gate House Hotel — the photo purportedly depicts the 'last horse tram', which if true, would date the photo to June/July 1905. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Corporation Tramways Horse tram
A blow-up of the above photo, which reveals the driver to be wearing a heavy overcoat and a bowler hat.


Lincoln Corporation Tramways Horse Tram No 5 at Bracebridge
Lincoln Horsecar No 5 at Bracebridge — photo purportedly taken in 1905. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


Lincoln Tramway Company Horse Tram crew
A blow-up of the above photo, which suggests that the conductor (far right) has a round badge on his jacket breast pocket, which could easily be mistaken for a licence; however, given that this is not seen in any other photo, it seems somewhat unlikely.


Motormen and conductors

Lincoln City Tramways Tram No 5
The crew of what looks to be a newly top-covered Tramcar No 5, dating the photograph to 1907/8. Author's Collection.


Lincoln City Tramways conductor 1907
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor — Employee No 5 — who is wearing a script-lettering Conductor grade badge with a large municipal 'shield' badge above it.


Lincoln City Tramways cap badge
Lincoln Corporation Tramways scalloped shield cap badge — nickel. This badge is 37 mm from top to bottom (in the middle), which appears to be about the right size for the badges seen in the photographs. This pattern of badge was probably used by all Lincoln's municipal services, including Police and Fire. Author's Collection.


Lincoln City Tramways cap badge
Lincoln Corporation Tramways scalloped shield cap badge — nickel. This badge is also 37 mm from top to bottom, but with a pin back rather than lugs. This is a most unusual fixing for a tramway badge, but one which may have seen use on female headwear during the Great War (see later). Author's Collection.


Lincoln City Tramways motorman 1907
Another blow-up of the photo above, this time showing the motorman, who is wearing a script-lettering Motorman grade badge and a municipal 'shield' badge.


City of Lincoln Tramways cap badges
Standard, 'off-the-shelf', script-lettering grade badges of the type used by the Lincoln Corporation Tramways — nickel.


Lincoln City Tramways Tram No 6 St Benedicts Square 1910
Conductor and motorman pose with Tramcar No 6 on a service for St Benedict's Square — photo dated 1910. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of L:incoln Tramways crew
A blow-up of the above photo showing the conductor and motorman, both in greatcoats and the conductor with a script-lettering cap badge and a shield badge.


City of Lincoln Tramways Conductress and motorman
A superb studio portrait of Great War conductress Mary Jane Jackson and her motorman brother-in-law, George Gregory (Employee No 2). Original held in a private collection, courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


City of Lincoln Tramways Motorman George Gregory
Although Conductress Jackson is wearing the usual LCT cap badge, Motorman Gregory has one of a noticeably different shape, the significance of which is unclear.


City of Lincoln Tramways collar initials
Lincoln Corporation Tramways collar initials — nickel. Author's Collection.


Lincoln City Tramways Tram No 7 1919
Motorman at the controls of Tramcar No 7 — photo undated, but certainly taken before December 1919 as the tramcar is equipped for surface contact working, with the brush for cleaning the studs clearly visible at the front of the vehicle. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln Tramways Motorman
A blow-up of the above photo, which seems to suggest that the motorman is not wearing a shield badge, though this is probably present, but in shadow. The convex device at the front of the vehicle was to stop urchins riding on the fender! Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln tramways crew Tram No 4
Motorman and conductor pose with Tramcar No 4 on a service to Bracebridge — photo undated, but certainly taken after 1919 as the car is equipped for overhead line working. Photo courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


Licoln City Tramways motorman
A blow-up of the above photo showing the motorman. The 'L C T' collar initials are easily made out.


Lincoln City Tramways cap badge
Lincoln ‘shield’ badge — nickel. This badge is only 28 mm from top to bottom, which is too small to have been the badge seen in the photos. It was very probably used by Lincoln City Police as a collar or epaulette badge. Author's Collection.


Senior staff
Lincoln Corporation Tramways decorated tram
A decorated English Electric tram (either No 7 or No 8) standing in the depot yard — photo undated, but possibly taken shortly after the Great War. Author's Collection.


City of Lincoln Tramways inspector
A blow-up of the above photo, which is the only image I've been able to find of a Lincoln City Tramways inspector (assuming of course that he's not a Chief Inspector). The cap bears a large shield badge, with a ribbon underneath, probably of embroidered cloth.


Lincoln City Tramways Inspector
A photograph of an individual who, in view of the two-line embroidered collar designations, is almost certainly a Chief Inspector. The cap badge is clearly much larger than that issued to tramcar staff, comprising the Lincoln shield with a ribbon underneath, and was probably cloth.


Lincoln Corporation Tramways inspector's cap badge
Lincoln inspector's cap badge — cloth. This was certainly worn during the later bus era, and there remains a possibility that it may have been worn towards the end of the tramway's life. Author's Collection.


Female staff
Lincoln Corporation Tramways Great War conductiress Mary jane Jackson
Great War conductress Mary Jane Jackson in her tailored, single-breasted jacket and military-style cap. Original held in a private collection, courtesy of the National Tramway Museum.


Lincoln City Tramways Tram No 2 Great War
An all-female crew pose with their vehicle (Tramcar No 2) on a service to Bracebridge — photo undated, but almost certainly taken during or very shortly afterwards (the vehicle is still equipped for stud working). Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln tramways conductress
A blow-up of the above photo showing the crew. Whilst both ladies are wearing script-lettering cap badges, only the conductress appears to have a shield badge above. Both caps are baggier rather than the standard military issue, and were presumably intended for female staff only.


City of Lincoln tramways tram and lady driver
Motorwoman N Scott at the controls a very dilapidated Tramcar No 10, at St Catherine's Grove, as supplied in a drab grey — photo dated July 1920, i.e., after the conversion to overhead working. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln Tramways motorwoman
A blow-up of the above photo showing Motorwomen N Scott; she is possibly the same lady as in the previous photo. Photo courtesy of the Tramways and Light Railway Society, with thanks to David Voice.


City of Lincoln tramways conductress
Lincoln City Tramways conductress — 2nd March 1929. The usual script-lettering grade badge is absent, and the cap is of a baggy style rather than the earlier military-style. Photographer, H Nicol, with thanks to the National Tramway Museum.